About the Reggae Gospel Train
About the Reggae Gospel Train
In this age of rapid advancement in technology, acquiring a new piece of equipment sometimes requires a course in engineering or technology to understand how to make it work properly. Crutchfield – the online technology store has published a series of articles that can help guide decisions to purchase and operate many of the equipment that are now available in the technology marketplace. Below are the links to two such articles that can help guide you before your patience “wear thin”.
In the first article published at crutchfield.com, Advisor Kramer Crane provides a “Beginners Guide to Getting Better Sound from Bi-amp Cable Speakers”. The article covers the bi-amping of home theater receivers (passive bi-amping), and is written for people who are attempting to connect speakers to a 7- channel home theater receiver with unassigned channels of power. The full article is available at https://www.crutchfield.com/S-LOlrQcFxgcg/learn/why-biamp-your-speakers.html.
In the second article, Crutchfield’s Dominic DeVito provides a thorough description of Apple’s CarPlay and how it works. This new automotive technology is a convenient way to access your iPhone® through your car stereo.
You can use certain phone functions as you drive – in a manner that will let you stay focused on the road. It gives access to your stereo, iPhone’s calling option, music, mapping (including both Waze and Google Maps), and message applications with a simple one-cord connection to your iPhone using the phone’s Lightning-to-USB cable, or – in some cases – wirelessly. This article – with video is available at: https://www.crutchfield.com/S-fM0pSnRUCol/learn/what-is-apple-carplay.html?omnews=12999927
Alvin Ranglin was born in Eden District, Clarendon, Jamaica in 1942. He began his career in music via his District’s Adventist church choir at a really early age. He learned his trade as a radio/television repairman and started working as a technician by the time he had finished his teenage years– later graduating to repair and servicing of Jukeboxes. During this time his passion for music never waned and by the mid- 1960’s he had built and began operating GG’s Discotheque.
Around the same time, he opened and begun operating a juke-box sale and repair business in May Pen, Clarendon. He later added record sales and opened additional stores in the town of Old Harbor, Clarendon, Half Way Tree, St Andrew, and later Brooklyn, New York, and London, England. In 1971, he acquired the recording studio and vinyl pressing plant known as Record Specialists at Torrington Bridge in Kingston.
Ranglin began producing records around the same time he opened the May Pen store. First, producing singer Trevor Brown, and later with himself and Vernon Buckley as “Vern & Alvin” and later with Lloyd Flowers as “Flowers & Alvin”. In 1969 he established his first record label – GGs (name after the two Glorias in his life – his sister and his partner at the time)
The label produced several popular records by the duo Vern (Buckley) & Son (Gladstone Grant) – later re-named the Maytones. However, the label’s first real hit was Man from Carolina by his studio band – GG All- Stars. This was followed by several hits by the Maytones including Funny Man and Money Worries (which was included in the movie Rockers soundtrack in 1979). In the 1970’s he added Hit label which produced several hit records by both individual artists and the GGs All-Stars. Among the All-Stars hits were Flight 404, Ganja Plane, and Musical Shot. In addition to the songs mentioned, the Maytones recorded several local hits on the GGs label. Songs included a local version of Greyhound’s Black and White and Madness.
In the mid to late 1970s, GGs and Hit labels became home for many of Jamaica’s fledgling artists who went on to become icons in the reggae music industry. Ranglin produced a string of local and international hits with names like Eric Donaldson, Max Romeo, The Ethiopians, U-Roy, Prince Mohammed (George Nooks), Cynthia Richards, Stanley Beckford and the Turbines, Jah Thomas, Dennis Alcapone, Mike Brooks, Jah Stone, Freddie McKay, and Lone Ranger. Among the tracks that became big hits were Soldering (Beckford -1975), Hallelujah I Love Her So (Prince Mohammed-1974) and Barnabas Collins (Lone Ranger -1979). The later went on to hit the #1 spot on the British Reggae Chart in 1980.
Ranglin added Typhoon label by the late 1970s and the three labels became the home of the now legendary Gregory Isaacs. Isaacs gave Ranglin his biggest hit with Love is Overdue. He continued to work with Isaacs throughout the 1970s and again in 1995 on the album Dreaming and in 2002 on I Found Love. Isaacs attracted several of his friends to the Typhoon label – including Dennis Brown, Sugar Minott and Barrington Levy, for whom Ranglin produced a string of hits.
The labels have not produced any hit singles in recent years, but on my recent tour of the operation, I spoke with a man (affectionately called GG by his friends) who still has the passion for producing great music, and both the studio and pressing plant have been fully upgraded and ready to go.
In recent years Ranglin has branched out and has taken advantage of other business opportunities presented him. These include a Spring Water bottling plant and brand, a Bakery, Supermarket, Ice Factory & distribution. On my visit in August this year, he was close to completion of an assembly-line type bottling plant, capable of turning out between 3,000 and 5,000 bottles of product per day. As the older generation in Jamaica like to say – “Stay tuned, he is not done yet”.
Many of us have had the dreaded feeling of having our Smartphone immersed in water or at least know some who have been faced with this predicament. For most individuals, it is usually the bathtub, kitchen sink, toilet or even the swimming pool which is usually the culprit. However, people living in the hurricane flood zones of Texas, Louisiana, Florida, Puerto Rico and the islands of the Caribbean, have a really high probability of getting their Smartphone immersed in water each hurricane season. We have also heard many stories about how to save your phone or at least your data when the phone gets accidentally wet. Among the prominent ones – dropping the phone in a “magic” portion of rice will remove the water and save your phone. The conventional thinking here is that rice can suck the moisture from the phone and immediately return it to its “prior life”. Is this really true? And, if it not, what is the best way to preserve a Smartphone that has been immersed in water? One thing is certain today is the fact that with the price of some new Smartphone approaching $1,000, the initial “fix” cannot be a shot in the dark.
When the cover is removed from any Smartphone, you are immediately looking at a battery and hundreds of micro-electronic connections. Conventional wisdom teaches us that water and electronics make a very bad companion. We should also note that construction of Smartphone varies according to the manufacturer. Therefore two phones that are fully immersed in the same amount of water for the same time do not necessarily absorb the same amount of water. Various phone technology experts have different ideas regarding what to do when a Smartphone gets wet. However, one advice is usually common among them – the quicker the phone is dried inside out after getting immersed in water, the better the chance of preserving the phone or at least the data. There are also some common “do not”. Among them:
-Do not attempt to charge the phone. Plugging a wet phone into an electrical circuit is outright dangerous and it will cause electricity to flow into a wet circuit board resulting in the board being “fried”.
– If the phone was off when it fell in water, do not turn it on. Turning on the device could cause electricity to flow which can destroy a water-logged circuit board.
In some cases, by simply removing the cover and the battery and let the phone sit on a desktop for a while you can dry the water from the electronics. A search of the web will show multiple stories of how to immerse the phone into a bag of uncooked rice and that should do the trick. The concept is based on a theory that the starch in rice will draw out the water. However, several studies – including one by TekDry (www.tekrdy.com), a Denver, Colorado-based company found that rice removed only an average of 13% of the water from a water-logged phone after 48 hours. In addition, rice can multiply the challenge posed by water by introducing dust into the wet phone electronics – a combination that is almost certain to kill the phone.
The folks at DryBox (dryboxrescue.com), a San Antonio-based firm that provides assistance in the recovery of mini electronics, suggest that vacuum drying is your best option. The vacuum is set at pressure and temperature slightly below boiling. This enables the water inside the electronics to boil off slowly without damaging the components. It should be noted that the sooner the phone is dried out after getting wet, the better the chance of complete recovery. Another important consideration is the type of water in which the Smartphone was immersed. Your kitchen sink, toilet bowl or bathtub is really bad. However, if the culprit is salt water- as in the ocean, this corrosive nature of salt water will almost instantly destroy the electronics. In such a case, the experts at DryBox recommend that you immediately place the phone in a Zip-lock bag with some bottled, purified water and just a pinch of baking soda. The baking soda will counteract the corrosiveness of the salt water until you can get it cleaned out professionally.
Two final points – one should always remember that construction of Smartphone varies with manufacturer. As a result, the resiliency of the phones may be different when immersed in water. As an example, Android phones with their removable battery have a much higher survival rate than more expensive iPhone. This is because Android phones allow for vacuum or another drying device easier and quicker access to the phone electronics. The second point – it is good practice to always back up important data and contact list in some form of free or low cost-cloud service for both iPhone and Android.
These days it has become extremely difficult to find a Cell Phone company that is not offering an unlimited data plan. Each plan is loaded with all kinds of caveats. For example, Verizon guarantees full-speed 4G LTE for the first 22GB of data each billing period. T-Mobile offers free text and data to its customers who travel in certain international countries. With all this happening around us, why then would anyone still have a limited data plan?
If you are thinking about looking into an unlimited plan, here are two links that can get you started:
If you happen to be one of what I call “Legacy” customers who still has limited data plan, the folks at CNET.com have come up with seven ideas that can help some (especially) IPhone users reduce their data usage.
First, recognize the data consuming apps on your phone and restrict use when not needed.
1. Restrict iTunes and App Store downloads
You can prevent iTunes and the App Store from downloading music, movies, apps, and so on when you are away from a Wi-Fi signal. To do so, go to Settings > iTunes & App Store and toggle off Use Cellular Data. Tap this to prevent iTunes from using your cellular data for automatic downloads.
2. Disable background app refresh. IOS apps can update in the background, grabbing new content as they sit idle so they can show you the latest news when you return to them. Go to Settings > General > Background App Refresh in order to turn this setting off completely. You can also go the a la carte route from the list and choose which apps update in the background. Pick and choose the apps that may use data in the background of your phone, or turn them all off.
3. Find out which apps are using the most data
Go to Settings > Cellular and you can see how much data you’ve used in the current billing period and below that you’ll see a list of your apps. Under each app’s name is the amount of data it has used for the current billing period. You can toggle off any app that you think is eating more than its fair share.
4. Disable Wi-Fi Assist, This may be eating more cellular data than you would like
Wi-Fi Assist is a great feature where your iPhone hands off a weak Wi-Fi signal to your cellular network to prevent pages from loading slowly (or not at all) as it clings to the last remnants of a Wi-Fi signal. If you sit on the edge of a Wi-Fi network at work, say, then your cellular network may be assisting more than you’d like and running up data charges.
5. Download music, don’t stream
Streaming music or podcasts for long stretches when you are away from Wi-Fi can quickly add to your data usage. Most music and podcast apps (like Spotify, and Apple Music) let you restrict streaming to Wi-Fi only, which will then force you into the habit of downloading playlists or podcasts before playing them instead of streaming them over cellular data. Let’s look at Apple Music and Apple’s Podcasts apps as examples.
For Apple Music, go to Settings > Music. In the Streaming & Downloads section, you’ll see two settings if the first one is enabled. The first, Use Cellular Data, lets you disable streaming via a cellular connection entirely. If that’s too drastic a measure for you, then you can leave that setting enabled and turn off High Quality on Cellular to stream songs at a lower bitrate when you aren’t on Wi-Fi.
For the Podcasts app, go to Settings > Podcasts and turn off Cellular Data. You can also enable “Only -Download on Wi-Fi” to prevent podcast downloads from adding to your data usage.
6. Fetch mail less frequently
Check to see how frequently your email account is set to fetch new mail — the less frequently it fetches mail, the less data (and battery) you’ll use. Go to Settings > Mail > Accounts > Fetch New Data. First, make sure Push is turned off if you want to save data and don’t need new emails pushed to you constantly. Next, see what the schedule is for Fetch at the bottom of the screen. If you choose manually, then the Mail app will check for new email only when you open the app. Changing your Fetch schedule will not only save data, it may also save your phone’s battery life.
7. Use Safari’s Reading List
You can queue up articles while you’re using Wi-Fi to read later when you’re on a cellular connection or out of range completely. When you add a page to Safari’s Reading List, Safari downloads it for offline viewing. To add an article to the Reading List, tap the Share button at the center of the bottom navigation bar and then tap Add to Reading List. If you use iCloud, then it will share your Reading List with your other iOS devices, but you can stop it from sharing via a cellular connection by going to Settings > Safari and scrolling down to the bottom and toggling off Use Cellular Data for the Reading List feature.
Let me add an eight way to save data – become really familiar with the services offered (free) by Facebook, Google and other up-starters in the tech industry. They own apps like Messenger, Imo, WhatsApp, etc. that can help save on your phone bill. Also, note that most at home internet/cable providers i.e. Verizon and Xfinity now offer hotspots with free unlimited connections to their customers at locations away from home.
Kingston12 Digital Radio is a 24/7 reggae music channel
(It is available at kingston12.net and on TuneIn/Simple Radio Apps)
Weekly New Releases – Fridays (9:00 PM – 12:00 AM)
Every Friday night on Kingston12: Conscious Reggae Party host Sydney White introduces listeners to the latest reggae releases from countries around the world where reggae music is produced. Artists from Jamaica, Hawaii, Germany, New Zealand and Great Britain are regulars in the playlists. We introduce new music from new artists and the new stuff from the veterans. Remember, if it’s Friday – you will always discover something new and really special at Kingston12.net
Friday Night Dancehall Session (12:00 AM – 4:00 AM)
This is an opportunity for multi-DJs to show-off their mixing skills in classic Dancehall mixing. We keep clean, we keep it cultural.
King Viper Sound Presents: Live Dancehall Session – Saturdays (10:00 PM to 4:00 AM)
Tune in to King Viper Sound – the US east coast #1 reggae and dancehall Sound System – heard live on digital radio at kingston12.net every Saturday night form 10:00 PM to 4:00 AM. DJ Lulu, Kevin, the Fluffy Diva and the crew take you into the real world of Jamaican Dancehall.
During this six-hour session, listeners get to enjoy dancehall music in its purest form. The play-list may range from the early nineteen sixties music to releases from the Friday prior to the air date.
The King Viper Reggae Gospel Trane – Sunday (3:00 PM to 7:00 PM)
Every Sunday Fada Lulu and the King Viper crew journey deep into the Jamaican countryside to take you “live” into the Jamaican church. The blend and mix of reggae gospel with other Caribbean and African-based religious songs are presented in a way that transport you mentally to a real Jamaican church on a Sunday night.
In 2004 VH1 Cable Television channel produce a television show called Bands Reunited – hosted by Aamer Haleem (Canadian radio and television personality). The show documented attempts of reunion of formerly popular musical ensemble for a special concert. On a typical show, the crew would go out and hunt down the ex-members of the band (often at first in disguise) one-by-one, and convince them to agree for the one-time concert. Each band member was then interviewed, usually focusing on the reasons they left the band. In most cases band reunions happen because someone makes this kind of effort to put the members back together. In other cases reunions can be an excuse for desperate, sometimes “down and out” musicians to attempt to re-live the “glory days”.
The 2016 revival of the legendary reggae band Zap-Pow was different. Although these band members had been apart since 1979, they never really left each other. Over the years they played together in recording sessions and in backing bands as part of the rhythm section for some of Jamaica’s most prominent touring reggae artists. Thus for original band members Dwight Pinkney (guitar), Glen DaCosta (tenor sax), Richard “T Bird” Johnson (keyboards) and Leebert “Gibby” Morrison (bass) getting back together was as easy as saying to each other “it’s time to do this”. The most difficult decision they had to make was selecting the complement of young musicians and singers to complete the band.
Zap-Pow was originally formed in 1969 and had a ten-year run to 1979. During those years the other prominent members of the band included Beres Hammond on lead vocal, the legendary David Madden (trumpet) and Larry McDonald (congos). Over the years other well-known artists that performed with Zap-Pow included: Max Edwards (drums), Mike Williams (bass), Joe McCormack (trombone), Vin Gordon (trombone) Danny McFarlane (keyboards) and Cornel Marshall (drums). Among the singers who performed with the band were Jacob Miller (Inner Circle), Winston “King” Cole (Winston “Mr. Fixit” Francis) Bunny Rugs and Milton “Prilly” Hamilton (both former front men for Third World Band).
Their biggest domestic hit during the early years was a song called This is Reggae Music. The 1976 albums – Zap-Pow Now and Revolution both made it on to the UK reggae chart. Other albums recorded during the ten-year period include Revolutionary Zap-Pow (1971) and Zap Pow. They also contributed to the collections – Beres Hammond Meets Zap-Pow, Jungle Beat, Love Hits, LMS and Reggae Rules.
In the 2016 edition of the band, they have added the talented Lando Bolt (drums), Everol Wray (trumpet) and Fiona and Geoffrey Forrest on vocal. The 15-track CD titled – Zap-Pow Again produced by Dwight Pinkney was released in October 2017. It Includes eight new original songs, plus seven taken from previously released albums. The new songs were mixed by Grammy award-winning engineer – Christopher Daley (aka the Quite Giant). The remaining seven songs came from several of the group’s classic albums that featured Beres Hammond as lead singer. Songs like This is Reggae Music, World Peace 3 and Let’s Fall in Love introduced Beres to reggae music fans throughout the world.
The new album is a delight for both traditional and the next generation of fans. It highlights the strengths that brought Zap-Pow to the attention of reggae music lovers and collectors all over the world – their amazingly tight rhythm section – signature horns that are easily identifiable, plus conscious messages that defined the music of early veterans.
More on the band and its availability for bookings is accessible at: onelovemanagement.com.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
Our 24/7 channel can be heard via the embedded player at kingston12.net, or on several models of WIFI enabled radios and mobile devices. European manufacturers such as Roberts, Grace, and Armour – manufacturers of the Q2 brand; along with domestic and Asian manufactures of all WIFI models such as C Crane, Livo, Vtech, Cobra, Sangean, Sanyo and Bose have included Kingston12 Digital Radio on their platform. Other manufacturers with Kingston12 built into their products include Bose, Grundig, Hansong, Funai, Denon, Harman, Naim, Onkyo, Phillips, Pioneer, Teac, and Russound.
Our music stream is optimized to enable easy access via tablets, cell phones internet enabled players (radios and auto dashboard) and computers. Bluetooth on devices/phones can connect seamlessly to any Bluetooth enabled auto dashboard or other devices in your vehicle.
Listen Live on Website
You may listen by typing kingston12.net in the internet browser of your Computer, Android or Apple device, and scroll to the music player on the top of the page.
Click the arrow on the player and wait a few seconds. The arrow should change and begin playing in 10 – 15 seconds.
Listen Via Audio Apps
Kingston 12 Digital Radio is available on two major radio platforms (Apps). These are TuneIn Radio and Simple Radio Apps for Android and Apple devices. Search the Apple Store (App) or Google Play (App) on your devices for these Apps and download them. Once the download is completed search the App for Kingston 12 Digital Radio and press the play button.
When the station begins playing, touch the star to mark it as a favorite. This will ensure that you always return to Kingston 12 Digital Radio first, each time you use the Apps.
Listeners in Europe who still have access to the Grace Radio app can still find the station there also.
Wifi enabled radios (commonly referred to as Internet radio) are devices on which the consumer is provided the option of receiving a traditional FM transmitter signal is from the internet, as long as there is a local WiFi network connection available. The radio can pick up several hundred distant streams of local, national or international stations. It picks up local signals via the internet instead of the traditional transmitter to antenna link, thus enabling the listener to use the radio in home basements or other areas where line-of-sight reception of traditional signal was difficult to obtain.
Call letters are no longer relevant. Instead, WiFi enabled radios allow the user to search for stations (channels) via location, format or music genre. More than 400 different models are available on the market from major manufacturers such as Sangean, Grace and Logitech. Kingston 12 Digital Radio is easily search via genre (reggae) or location (USA).
Kingston12 collaborates with technology companies in the US and in Great Britain that specialize in delivering streaming audio (Internet Radio) experience from more than 100 partners to over 200 products. Kingston12 Digital Radio is available on all or most of these products. Such products include Networked Audio, Smart TV, Mobile and Tablet, Automotive, PC and Cloud Music services and game Consoles. They also include many of the new, high end stereo systems such as Bose, Denon, Onkyo, Roberts (Smart Radio), Phillips and Harman.
Kinggston12 Digital Radio is also available on Alexa enabled Smart Speakers – Amazon Echo, Google Home, etc. As of December 2018, Smart speakers had 41% penetration among US household – up from 21.5% the same time in 2017. Amazon Echo continues to dominate the market with 31% penetration.
If you own an Amazon Echo, make sure that TuneIn Live is enabled in the App. If it is not enabled, just open the Alexa companion app on your device (IPhone, Android Phone or IPad); Go to the top-right (top left on 2 generation), select: Skills (Skills & Games) then search for TuneIn Live. Click to enable and ask Alexa to “open TuneIn Live”. Ask Alexa to play Kingston12 Digital Radio on TuneIn
Going to a gym to work out takes a lot of courage for some. In addition to the feelings of inadequacies as one fumbles their way through equipment that they are not familiar with, people who are overweight also have the extra emotional burden of overcoming the fear that “all eyes are on them”.
In my former personal training days, my clients would often share with me how personal training was a great option because it helped give them gain the confidence they needed to go into a gym and workout independently. But like many things in life, having a personal trainer comes with a price tag, which makes it unaffordable for many. So what alternative solutions when you are not able to afford a personal trainer? Interesting, training videos/DVDS are still great options, yes even in 2017.
In a recent conversation that I had with a colleague (who is struggling with her weight and who also has a limited income), as we were exploring different options that might help her reach her achieve her fitness goals, interestingly, our conversations kept circulating back to training videos/DVDs. Yes, they are still very significant today because they allow individuals to work out in the privacy of their own home and avoid those unwanted “stares”. Another benefit of well- produced training videos is that they often show progressive movements, which provides viewers a goal to strive towards.
Indeed, training videos/DVDs are not the answers for everyone, particularly since it still requires the “motivation” to work out. However, if you happen to have a few training videos/DVDs in storage, perhaps it might not be a bad idea to dust them off and use them to jump start your fitness goals!
And for those who are still in need of a little motivation, consider acquiring an exercise partner/buddy…
Contributor: Renna Reddick
Kingston 12 represents the postal or zip code in West-Central Kingston, Jamaica that, along with adjacent areas of Trench Town (Kingston 13) and the south-central part of the city, was the axis of the cultural renaissance that gave the world Reggae music. It is the home of the Ambassador Theater – the place that was the flagship for presenting new talent to Jamaica and the world. The Ambassador (Bass), alongside the Majestic, Palace, and Ward theatres, provided the stages for the Vere John’s Hour. This was the talent show that introduced the country and subsequently the world to artists like Alton Ellis, Ken Boothe, Bob Marley, Don Drummond, Jimmy Cliff, Desmond Dekker, Peter Tosh, Millie Small, Hortense Ellis, Bob Andy, Jackie Edwards, and many more of the stars that became the icons of the Reggae music industry. Kingston 12 was the “Harlem” of the Caribbean – an area that attracted artists such as Jackie Opel and Lord Creator who came all the way from Barbados and Trinidad, respectively.
These artists in late 1950s to early 1960s became the foundation of Jamaica’s Sound System Culture. As early as 1950, Tom Wong, a Jamaican of Chinese ancestry established “Tom the Great Sabastian” in East-Central Kingston. His sound system launched the career of the great Count Matchuki who later joined Clement Dodd’s Sir Coxsone Downbeat. Tom’s main rival at the time was Cyril Braithwaite’s “Count C – the Wizard of the West.” Count C dominated the western end of the city. These two sound systems laid the groundwork for the sound system culture which quickly followed Jamaican migration to England and the United States, and later provided the base for the spread of Ska, Rock Steady and Reggae worldwide.
The sound system culture quickly spread amongst the poorer classes of Kingston and adjacent parish – St Andrew. Several new players entered the arena. The pioneers among them were Clement Dodd (Sir Coxsone’s Downbeat), Author “Duke” Reid (Duke Reid the Trojan), Vincent Edward’s (King Edward-the Giant) and Cecil “Prince Buster” Campbell’s (Prince Buster –the Voice of the People). That was around the same time Jamaican journalist, Vere John, started a weekly one-hour talent show, which he named after himself. It was a live performance showcase of fresh, young Jamaican talent. The audio of the show was recorded for a later weekly broadcast on the country’s single radio station: RJR (for Radio Jamaica & Radio Fusion)
From the beginning, there was intense competition among the sound system operators. They competed for crowds, music, and eminence in the local community. Thus, the Vere John’s talent exposition provided an opportunity to identify new talent that could enhance that competition. Few recording studios existed at the time. However, the sound system operators came to the show with the specific intent of identifying new talent that they could use to record exclusive Jamaican versions of American R & B and Jump Blues songs, or sometimes original materials that they played exclusively on their sound systems. These sound systems provided a reasonable alternative for the poorer sector of the population who wanted entertainment but could not afford to hire the live bands that existed at the time, such as Byron Lee and the Dragoneers, Kes Chin and the Souvenirs, and the Percy Myers Combo for their parties.
This competition among the sound systems not only laid the groundwork for today’s dancehall “selector culture,” but was also the foundation upon which the entire Jamaican music industry is built. The art of toasting on records flourished during this period. This consisted of rhyming vocal patterns over instrumentals that later evolved into social commentary; it also became an important part of the entertainment. Over the years this legacy has provided roots upon which multiple Jamaican musical genres emerged – from Jamaican Jump Blues, Ska, Rock Steady to today’s Reggae and Dancehall.
Today, many young selectors and sound system operators have embraced the opportunities presented by new technologies to create modern Dancehall – substituting computer-assisted beats and instrument simulation for real instruments and live musicians. This is usually supported by computer-generated playlists via programs like Serato and Virtual DJ – replacing turntables. However, one sound system that has figured out how to master the new technology and new trends without discarding the foundation is Los Angeles, CA-based Kingston12 Hi-Fi.
This sound system is under the direction of the super talented, master DJ, rapper, singer, songwriter, musician, and Reggae/Hip Hop artist Edmund Carl Aiken, Jr. – Shinehead (Jamaican In New York fame). His partner in life and music – Diana Camacho aka DJ Papalotl aka Buttahfly – makes up the other half of the Kingston 12 Hi-Fi team who is charting the path by showing fans how to navigate both lanes without choosing one at the expense of the other.
The sound system is named after the historic LA Reggae club venue Kingston12 which was founded by Richard O’Brian, aka King Richard, a Jamaican expatriate in Los Angeles, California who operated it as part of a restaurant /nightclub establishment. He, along with his family, ran the venue they named after the community in Jamaica that they hailed from, which of course guaranteed the authenticity of the music given Kingston12’s aforementioned musical history.
The Kingston12 enterprise was also the first of its kind on the US West Coast. Richard and his family established a place where for more than twenty years Los Angeles residents and visitors were treated to live reggae performances, and/or club DJ’s playing Reggae, Dancehall, and Hip Hop music, while having an authentic Jamaican meal or mellow island drinks.
Shinehead, a British born Jamaican who was already well established in New York, Los Angeles, Miami, Europe, and Japan, met King Richard shortly after he moved to Los Angeles. King Richard became ill shortly thereafter and passed away in the summer of 2014. Shortly after meeting King Richard, Shinehead quickly discovered that they both shared a musical camaraderie. He even played records on a small portable turntable for Richard as laid sick in his hospital room towards the end of his life. Although Shinehead and DJ Papalotl were away in NY performing at the time of his passing, Richard told his family that he needed someone who was committed to the music and culture to carry on the tradition he had established on the US west coast. As such, Richard’s last dying request was that his vast collection of Reggae/Dancehall vinyl records would be bequeathed to Shinehead.
His wide knowledge of Roots, Reggae, modern and traditional Dancehall, plus his extensive experience in Hip Hop, R&B, and US rap music positioned him as the ideal candidate not only to carry on the vision of King Richard, but also to expand the foundation instituted by early forerunners Count C, Tom Wong, Clement Dodd and others – a Kingston12 legacy.
Shinehead a former major label (Elektra Records) artist inserted his brand into the Kingston12 Hi-FI concept, and in the four years since 2014, the sound system has become an integral part of world music festivals such as Rototom, Outlook, Reggae Geel, Reggae Sun Ska, and reggae music cruises – including Damian Marley’s Welcome to Jamrock Cruise.
The addition of DJ Papalotl aka Buttahfly to the Kingston12 team allows them to perform at the highest level. DJ Papalotl (a public school teacher) is a multi-media artist, a sound engineer, and a videographer with a passion and skill for mixing music. One might say she brings her “magic fingers” to Kingston12 Hi-Fi.
Her life as a DJ began at college parties and at her college radio station – KSPC 88.7 FM. Here, she developed her mixing skills in Reggae and Dancehall music. She progressed to become the “mix mistress” of the college parties and later graduated to local nightclubs –introducing them to her brand of Roots, Reggae and Dancehall, Hip Hop and R&B. Her extensive technical skills, combined with both her and Shinehead’s knowledge of Roots and modern music, has directed Kingston12‘s path to be able to perform on any stage.
Long before Facebook Live was popular among users, Shinehead and DJ Papalotl made it part of their mission to use modern technology to elevate the sound system and Dancehall culture to a higher level. Their weekly presence on Los Angeles based – Diggindaily.com – a collective of local DJ using the digital space to take their music worldwide, together with live programs twice a week on Irish and Chin’s SoundChat Radio have served to expand their worldwide audience, and build an airwave audience with their English partners, Unique Radio UK in London and Stingdem Radio in Birmingham.
Their weekly live Friday night broadcast on Kingston 12 Digital Radio (Kingston12.net) gave sound system culture a presence on two of the major Digital Radio Apps for both Android and Apple products –TuneIn Radio and Simple Radio. In addition, Kingston12 Hi-Fi has also placed the sound system/dancehall culture as part of the audio programming lineup on most new V-Tuner stamped high end stereo system such as Denon, Bose and Yamaha; and on Wifi enabled radio products from manufacturers such as Grace, Sangean and Pico.
In addition to exposing the music and cultures that have provided the foundation for Reggae as an established musical genre, Kingston12 Hi-Fi has continued a sound system tradition that is not often mentioned when dancehall and sound systems are discussed. That is – identifying and launching new talents via the BUTTAHFLY FX show. Much like their forerunners Sir Coxsone, Prince Buster and more recently, Sugar Minott’s Youthman Promotion, Kingston12 Hi-Fi continues to introduce the world to new talent and give established talent a platform to show the world what they have.
In the past year, listeners were introduced to young Hip Hop talent like Banga Brownin, J Niles (the Yung Ruler – son of the late Gregory Isaacs) and were re-introduced to General Smiley of Michigan & Smiley fame. Their careful selection of the music they play, together with interviews with artists and industry practitioners like music teachers from the world famous Alpha Boys School in Jamaica have lent a public media sensibility to their presentation of dancehall and sound system culture.
In the radio business these days we often say that appointment radio is dead. However, in their presentation for a live audience and/or for digital radio, Shinehead and DJ Papalotl are making sure that this does not apply to the sound system. Audience come out to see them live or tune in to their Digital broadcast because they know they will be rewarded with great music, magic mixes and most importantly, they will learn something about the music, the culture and artists.
Kingston12 Hi-Fi continues to live up to its true name – a sound system with the usual customized built set of double scoops and tops that are almost 40,000 Watts of power. Shinehead and DJ Papalotl often take out their four sets of scoops and tops for a variety of events. These events that take place all over Los Angeles, mostly in the different cultural enclaves that appreciate international music and culture. These include the Silverlake and Leimert Park downtown Los Angeles, and at venues in adjacent Culver City. Each event is usually promoted in Social Media with a theme with the hashtag (#SoundFiSound) as part of the movement to incorporate a physical sound system with relevant cultural events and affairs that promotes public service issues such as breast cancer awareness, Jamaican cultural events; and presenting local and visiting DJ’s and artists.